What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science. It attempts to understand the essence of intelligence and produce a new intelligent machine that can respond in a similar way to human intelligence. Research in this field includes robotics, language recognition, image recognition, Natural language processing and expert system, etc. Since the birth of artificial intelligence, the theory and technology have become increasingly mature, and the field of application has continued to expand. It is conceivable that the technological products brought by artificial intelligence in the future will be the “containers” of human wisdom. Artificial intelligence can simulate the information process of human consciousness and thinking. Artificial intelligence is not human intelligence, but it can think like humans and may exceed human intelligence.
Artificial intelligence is a very challenging science, and people who are engaged in this work must understand computer knowledge, psychology and philosophy. Artificial intelligence includes a very wide range of sciences. It is composed of different fields, such as machine learning, computer vision, etc. Generally speaking, one of the main goals of artificial intelligence research is to make machines competent for some tasks that usually require human intelligence. Complex work. But different eras and different people have different understandings of this “complex work”. The definition of artificial intelligence can be divided into two parts, namely ” artificial ” and ” intelligence “. “Manual” is easier to understand, and less controversial. Sometimes we have to consider what is manufactured by humans, or whether humans are intelligent enough to create artificial intelligence, etc. But in general, “artificial system” is an artificial system in the usual sense. There are many questions about what “intelligence” is. This involves other issues such as consciousness (CONSCIOUSNESS), self (SELF), thinking (MIND) (including unconscious thinking (UNCONSCIOUS_MIND)) and so on. The only intelligence that a person understands is the intelligence of the person himself, which is a generally agreed view. But our understanding of our own intelligence is very limited, and we also have limited understanding of the necessary elements that constitute human intelligence , so it is difficult to define what is “intelligence” made by “artificial”. Therefore, the research of artificial intelligence often involves the research of human intelligence itself. Other intelligence on animals or other man-made systems is also generally considered to be research topics related to artificial intelligence . Artificial intelligence has received more and more attention in the computer field. It is also used in robots, economic and political decision-making, control systems, and simulation systems. Professor Nelson gave this definition of artificial intelligence: “Artificial intelligence is a subject of knowledge-the science of how to express knowledge and how to obtain and use knowledge.” And another Professor Winston of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA He believes: “Artificial intelligence is the study of how to make computers do intelligent work that only humans can do in the past.” These statements reflect the basic ideas and basic content of artificial intelligence. That is the law of Artificial Intelligence research human intelligence activities, construction of artificial intelligence systems has certain study how to make the computer to complete the previously required human intelligence can perform the work, which is the study of how to use a computer soft hardware to simulate some human intelligence Basic theories, methods and techniques of behavior. Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science and has been called one of the world’s three cutting-edge technologies ( space technology , energy technology , and artificial intelligence ) since the 1970s . It is also considered to be one of the three cutting-edge technologies ( genetic engineering , nano science , artificial intelligence ) in the 21st century . This is because it has achieved rapid development in the past 30 years, has been widely used in many disciplines, and has achieved fruitful results. Artificial intelligence has gradually become an independent branch, both in theory and practice. Into a system. Artificial intelligence is the study of making computers to simulate certain human thinking processes and intelligent behaviors (such as learning, reasoning, thinking, planning, etc.). It mainly includes the principles of computer realization of intelligence, and the manufacture of computers similar to human brain intelligence. Can achieve higher level applications. Artificial intelligence will involve disciplines such as computer science, psychology, philosophy, and linguistics. It can be said that almost all disciplines of natural sciences and social sciences have a scope far beyond the scope of computer science. The relationship between artificial intelligence and thinking science is the relationship between practice and theory, and artificial intelligence is at the technological application level of thinking science. It is an application branch. From the perspective of thinking, artificial intelligence is not limited to logical thinking. It is necessary to consider image thinking and inspirational thinking to promote the breakthrough development of artificial intelligence. Mathematics is often regarded as the basic science of many disciplines. Mathematics also enters the fields of language and thinking. Intelligence subjects must also borrow mathematical tools. Mathematics not only plays a role in standard logic and fuzzy mathematics , but also in artificial intelligence subjects, they will promote each other and develop faster.
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