Social rewards such as praise are known to enhance various stages of the learning process. Now, researchers from Japan have found that praise delivered by artificial beings such as robots and virtual graphics-based agents can have effects similar to praise delivered by humans, with important practical applications as social services such as education increasingly move to virtual and online platforms.

In a study published this month in PLOS ONE, researchers from the University of Tsukuba have shown that motor task performance in participants was significantly enhanced by praise from either one or two robots or virtual agents.

Although praise from robots and virtual agents has been found to enhance human motivation and performance during a task, whether these interactions have similar effects on offline skill consolidation, which is an essential component of the learning process, has not been investigated. Further, the various conditions associated with the delivery of praise by robot and virtual agents have not been thoroughly explored previously. The researchers at the University of Tsukuba aimed to address these questions in the present study.

“Previous studies have shown that praise from others can positively affect offline improvements in human motor skills,” says first author Masahiro Shiomi. “However, whether praise from artificial beings can have similar effects on offline improvements has not been explored previously.”

To examine these questions, the researchers asked participants to learn a finger-tapping task under several different conditions, which varied in terms of the timing and frequency of praise, the number of agents, and whether the agents were physically present or presented on a screen. The participants were then asked to repeat the task on the following day, and task performance was compared between the two days.

“We found that praise led to a measurable increase in task performance, indicating increased offline consolidation of the task,” explains Professor Takamasa Iio. “Further, two agents led to significantly greater participant performance than one agent, even when the amount of praise was identical.”

However, whether the praise was delivered by physical robots or by virtual agents did not influence the effects.

“Our study showed that praise from artificial beings improved skill consolidation in a manner that resembled praise delivered by humans,” says first author Masahiro Shiomi. “Such findings may be useful for facilitating learning in children, for instance, or for exercise and rehabilitation applications.”

Future work could consider the effects of praise delivered in different environments, for instance, in a VR environment, as well as the effects of greater numbers of agents. A greater understanding of the factors that influence the social effects of robot behavior is essential for improving the quality of human-robot interactions, which are increasingly an important element of education, services, and entertainment applications.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of TsukubaNote: Content may be edited for style and length.

Comments to: Two motivational artificial beings are better than one for enhancing learning

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Attach images - Only PNG, JPG, JPEG and GIF are supported.

Good Reads

Google today revealed Google Maps updates aimed at warning users of pandemic-related threats. Soon, maps will display all-time COVID-19 cases identified in an area, along with fast links from local authorities to resources. Google will also start to demonstrate how bus, train, and subway lines are crowded in more locations across the globe. Maps also […]
Today, $60 million was raised by Hover, a startup creating AI-powered apps that build 3D models of homes from smartphone images. The 200-employee firm says the proceeds will be used as Hover expands its product offerings to strengthen established partnerships with insurance companies.  6.26% of insured homes experienced a claim in 2017, compared to just […]

Worlwide

Google today revealed Google Maps updates aimed at warning users of pandemic-related threats. Soon, maps will display all-time COVID-19 cases identified in an area, along with fast links from local authorities to resources. Google will also start to demonstrate how bus, train, and subway lines are crowded in more locations across the globe. Maps also […]
Today, $60 million was raised by Hover, a startup creating AI-powered apps that build 3D models of homes from smartphone images. The 200-employee firm says the proceeds will be used as Hover expands its product offerings to strengthen established partnerships with insurance companies.  6.26% of insured homes experienced a claim in 2017, compared to just […]
Motional, the joint autonomous driving alliance between Aptiv and Hyundai, announced today that the state of Nevada has obtained permission to test its autonomous vehicles without a driver behind the wheel. The firm claims this is part of the completion of a phase of self-imposed testing and evaluation.  In the U.S., relatively few businesses have […]

Trending

WHEN SARTRE SAID hell is other people, he wasn’t living through 2020. Right now, other people are the only thing between us and species collapse. Not just the people we occasionally encounter behind fugly masks—but the experts and innovators out in the world, leading the way. The 17-year-old hacker building his own coronavirus tracker. The […]
13 September marks six months since the first coronavirus announced in Ethiopia.In the half-year since then, reported cases are close to 64 Thousend, with more than 996 deaths. At the onset, COVID-19 mainly affected the capital city. However, the virus is now moving from high-density urban areas to informal settlements and then onward to rural […]
Present international artificial intelligence (AI) inventory and progression in self-driving vehicle research and development Complementary subjects in technology are also artificial intelligence ( AI) and self-driving vehicles. In brief, without someone involved, you just can’t debate one. While AI has been rapidly applied in different areas, a new hot topic has been the way you […]

Login

Welcome to Intech Analytica

AI news hub. It checks trusted sites and collects best pieces of AI info.
Join Intech Analytica